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Leica X1 vs Fuji X100: Two hi-end point and shoot cameras compared.

Fuji X100 vs Leica X1

leica X1 vs fuji X100 professional photographer comparison
Leica X1 vs Fuji X100 biased comparison by professional photographer


I’ve always been looking for something small like a point and shoot, but powerful and fast like DSLR to carry around with me. The first time I saw the Fuji x100, I already new that this would be a good candidate for the camera I was looking for. I have never been interested in Leica; I knew they produced good P&S cameras, but they’re asking too much for their little red logo :-) However, the Leica is the closest competitor to the Fuji and it be unwise not to include it in the test.

Below is what I have discovered:

Both cameras are quite similar: they have the same APS-size sensor, the same focal length lens, the same megapixel count. Now lets take a look at the things that are important for me to know, the specification differences between both cameras. Highlighted in red is what I consider to be better:

Fuji X100 vs Leica X1: specification difference
Leica X1 Fuji X100
ISO Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200 ISO Auto, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400 (expandable to 100-12800) + 3 stop ND filter
Macro focus range 30 cm (11.81″) Macro focus range 10 cm (3.94″)
Normal focus range 60 cm (23.62″) Normal focus range 80 cm (31.5″)
Number of focus points 11 Number of focus points 49
Maximum shutter speed 1/2000 sec at any aperture Maximum shutter speed up to 1/4000 sec:
1/4000 at f/8, 1/1000 at f/2, plus 3 f-stops built-in ND filter
Maximum aperture F2.8 Maximum aperture F2.0
N/A Video: 720P: 1280 x 720 (24 fps)
Continuous drive: 3 or 2 fps Continuous shooting: 5 or 3 fps
$2000 $1300

It looks like the Fuji has better looking specifications. However, a few things can be misleading: the Leica has a shutter speed 1/2000 across the entire aperture range, while the Fuji can be limited to 1/1000 when shooting with a wide open lens. I think this is why Fuji added a 3 f-stop Neutral Density (ND) filter to the camera, otherwise shooting at f2.0 in the bright sun might be very problematic.

Fuji has better macro performance compared to the Leica. Being that the Fuji has macro mode and Leica does not. 30 cm is not a macro distance for 35mm lens. However, adding a true macro mode to Fuji lens may compromise IQ. We’ll see that later in the comparison.

Part one. Real life performance and first impressions.

The first series of tests were performed to imitate the real use of these cameras, the same way you might use them. We’re shooting the surrounding landscapes, our kids playing, etc.

1. Body/design

This aspect is very subjective, but both my wife and I (her hands are half the size that mine are) liked Fuji better. A larger, heavier camera is easier to handle while shooting. Also, we both liked built-in image preview on the Fuji rangefinder (viewfinder) very much. It not a 100% “see-through” rangefinder you can attach to a Leica. It won’t help you to manually focus, unlike the real rangefinder.  But who cares? It works in sort of a dual mode: you’ll see the real stuff through the viewfinder and then as soon as you take your photo, you see the image preview of composed image right in the viewfinder! Pretty cool, isn’t it?

One more advantage of having this unique image preview viewfinder: it works much better under bright conditions. Whereas the Leica’s LCD isn’t able to show you much of the details in similar conditions.

The Fuji has a fixed length lens, the same that you would find on old 35 mm film camera. In opposite, the Leica has a retractable trunk which looks odd on a non-macro, non-zoom lens. Maybe there’s a reason for this? We’ll see later in the second part of this test. There I’ll show you how both cameras performed in studio.
Were there any lens imperfections that will become more visible? For now, the only one real drawback from the Leica lens design is that I was not able to turn camera on and play with menus or review the images without taking lens cap off. Not a big deal, but with opened long lens it’s too easy to stick glass into something. Fuji doesn’t have this problem, the camera fully functional with the lens cap closed. You can even take a picture of the nearest black hole :).

I also preferred the Fuji controls more than Leica. The aperture control is on the lens, shutter speed and Ev compensation dials around shutter release button. See it yourself:


leica x1 and fuji x100 top view
leica x1 and fuji x100 top view


2. Landscape/outdoor

Leica mounted on Manfrotto giant head (looks funny, isn’t it?):

leica x1 vs fuij x100 review photography test tripod mounted Leica
Leica x1 vs fuij x100 , tripod mounted Leica by Fuji

I used these settings on both cameras: Auto white balance, ISO was set to 100 for the Leica X1 and 200 for the Fuji X100, Center weighted metering mode on both cameras. The images were converted in ACR 6.4.1 using the default camera settings.

The composition:

fuji x100 vs leica x1 comparison test sample image by Leica
fuji x100 vs leica x1 comparison test sample image by Leica

The image has both bright and dark areas. It was interesting to see how both cameras handled such broad dynamic range requirements

Below are 100% crops. Fuji X100 is what you see by default, mouse over to switch to Leica X1:


Fuji x100 (mouseover to Lieca X1) 100% crop at F2.8
Fuji x100 (mouseover to Lieca X1) 100% crop at F2.8

I can see no difference between them. Good shadow detail as-is on both cameras. Below is what I’ve got when tried to recover shadows and highlights: +50 Fill light and +85 recovery was applied.

This is Fuji. Mouseover to see Leica

highlights and shadows recovered leica vs fuji
highlights and shadows recovered leica vs fuji

Again, no real difference between them. Both are good at mild shadow recovery, both are bad at highlights. I did not include the crop form another area, as you can download RAW files (links at the end of the article), but the overexposed areas around porch chairs were not recovered.

Another area (as-is image) on the same composition at F8:

Fuji X100 @ F8.0, mouseover for Leica X1 @ F 8.0

Fuji x100 and Leica X1 100% crop at f8
Fuji x100 and Leica X1 100% crop at f8

No difference, as expected.

3. Macro performance.

Both cameras have macro mode, but the Fuji has a real macro (10 cm minimum focusing distance) while Leica has minimum distance 30cm. So I’ve tested both lenses at 30cm distance in order to make the results comparable. The composition is below.
BTW, it was interesting to see the difference in bokeh between at F2.0 and F2.8 on this example below. You see a Fuji image at F2.8, mouseover to switch to Fuji F2.0:

Fuji X100 f2.8 and F2.0 sample macro


Now lets see a 100% crop of the same shot made by Leica and Fuji:

Fuji X100 F2.8, mouseover for Leica X1 @ F2.8

Leica X1 F2.8 macro vs Fuji X100 100% crop
Leica X1 F2.8 macro vs Fuji X100 100% crop

I see more details on Leica image, not much but slightly better. Colors are also better on Leica. It looks like Fuji  sacrificed some IQ to build a smaller lens (since it does not retract like the Leica) with the real macro capabilities. I have more evidence on how much Fuji sacrificed on the lens on the second part of this review (studio “synthetic” tests) which will be posted soon.

Back to our macro tests. Below is how the REAL macro looks like, by Fuji X100. Not bad for 35mm lens: 10 centimeters to the subject, full image @F4:

Fuji X-100 sample macro image full magnification F4
Fuji X-100 sample macro image full magnification F4


4. Focus performance:  shutter lag and auto focus speed

To test how good the focus is, I was trying to shoot our 3 and 5 year old kids at play. Unfortunately, the delay between the time I’ve pressed a shutter release and picture was taken was too long for both the Fuji and Leica. Almost no in-focus images were made. Usually, the target moved out of focus by the time the camera decided to compose a shot. It was very disappointing to see the same shutter lag and slow focus that I’ve experienced with Canon G11 on such expensive P&S cameras. I was expecting more, considering price and wide angle non-zoom lenses.

I was really enjoying Fuji rangefinder (some people say this is not a real one, but I am fine calling it rangefinder:-). It was much easier to look into the small hole and have camera pressed to my nose to compose a shot, rather than have to hold it a foot out in front me. I also feel like Fuji was little bit faster (in both focusing and shutter lag). Can’t measure this though, lets call it subjective feeling.

Below are the best I was able to get (it terms of the sharpness during these “catching the moment” shots):

Leica X1

Leica-X1 focus performance reallife test
Leica-X1 focus performance real-life test


Fuji X100

Fuji X100 focus performance real-life sample image
Fuji X100 focus performance real-life sample image

In most situations, the Leica X1 was able to produce a better skin tones at default settings. Both images above were made with  Auto WB, both were little bluish so I’ve changed WB to daylight on both in my RAW converter. The Leica’s colors look more natural to me.

5. Image Quality at higher ISO

The same situation I had with color can also be seen on high ISO images. Both pictures below were taken at Auto WB, ISO 800:

Leica X1

Leica X1 auto wb at iso800
Leica X1 auto wb at iso800


Fuji X100

Fuji X100 auto wb at iso800
Fuji X100 auto wb at iso800

Leica has a better algorithm to calculate white balance.  Obviously when shooting RAW any file can be easily adjusted in ARC. But how many owners of these cameras will shoot in RAW? BTW, at ISO 1600 image does not impress me at all in either cameras. It’s very similar to what I am getting from my DroidX2 phone.

6. Video capabilities

It is simple: Fuji has 720P video, Leica does not have it at all.

Fuji X100 as-is sample video:

Looks pretty nice, vivid colors and good quality video. However, the camera was not able to adjust focus on the second child after she got close to the camera. The focus was off after I’ve moved back and stayed on the child farther from the camera. Software bug?

Here is the RAW files from both cameras, feel free to download and take a look yourself: leica-x1-fuji-x100-samples-by-koloskov.zip.

Both cameras was provided by BHphotovideo.com. If you decide to buy Fuji X100 or Leica X1 and want to support my blog, you can use these links below to get them from B&H:

Fujifilm Finepix X100 Leica X1 With Elmarit 24mm f/2.8 ASPH. Lens (Black)

In the second part (I need more time to put everything together) I’ll show you the results from more sophisticated and much more precise in-studio tests. In such conditions it was easy to see the difference in lens performance, as well as the sensor and A/D converters on both cameras. The test was similar (but not the same) as I had for Hasselblad H4D-50 and Leaf Aptus-II 12 recently.

Do not want to miss it? Subscribe here to get articles delivered by email.

Continue to part two:

Leica X1 vs Fuji X100: the final round. In-studio performance


Please share if you like the article. Thank you!

P.S I was looking for a good review on the same subject, and found a good one at SteveHuffPhoto.com: My Leica X1 and Fuji X100 Comparison photos, and my thoughts… Take a look, he has a good info over there!
DPreview.com has a nice information about Fuji x100 as well.

Many thanks to Evan (@etantum) for fixing my broken English:-)

Just a quick reminder about my upcoming Liquid Splash photography masterclass which will  be this Saturday, 11th in Atlanta.  Only one day left, you still have a chance to attend or refer a friend to earn $50:-)


21 responses on "Leica X1 vs Fuji X100: Two hi-end point and shoot cameras compared."

  1. The Fuji got better spec than the Leica X1. Leica good performance at micro level does’nt give a thumb up for me. the overall performance that count and Fuji is the winner, I intend to buy the Fuji s100 used. But it is more expensive than the used Leica X1. I prefer a 28mm lens but both have 35mm,
    another problem for me.

  2. Good review that shows that Leica difference in price resides into the quality of glass as usual. However I think that the large ahead advance of the fuji resides into the viewfinder and the information that can be projected into it such as DOF which I wish this info could be provided in my D3 or D300!
    Now I would say that each camera has its own use, and where the X100 is a gem, is in street photography : discreet, light , you can take it everywhere! The setup can be tuned by the user to get a very fast response with almost no shutter lag, all is a question of settings. X100 has light default of focusing when in low light sometimes, however with the 23mm lense combined with aperture set to F8, DOF permit to work in full manual, providing you set the Auto ISO and benefit from X100 ability to work in High ISO with alsmot ignoring noise. Should you upgrade to the last firmware version, the ‘wake up time’ from being in sleep mode with the switch set to ‘on’ will be .4 second, no comparison with a ‘retractable’ lens. I would say that X100 is a good ‘street machine’ to get all time in your pocket, ready to capture the instant, where the X1 is what rich guy can offer to his girlfriend so that she can show up with a Leica !

  3. Great review, i currently own a Fujifilm finepix x100 and have to say it is amazing. i was actually planning to get a Canon G12, but i saved up the extra buck and purchased myself the Fuji.

    Ps. works on my android tablet fine. Bad luck for ipad users (its a great product hope no one is offended).

  4. I am not a professional nor a hobbyist nor am I claiming to be an expert. I just like taking pictures and looking at them. ALEX, for some reason, I prefer the outdoor pictures you took with the Leica X1. Maybe the Fuji might be much cheaper than the Leica, but I guess you get what you pay for. One cannot compare apples and oranges or say Haagen Daz ice cream and inexpensive Safeway Supermarket ice cream. With the exception of the first set of photos, the rest clearly shows the picture quality results one can expect from a Leica lens.

    Joey VILAR

  5. We all have different needs in a camera but you say the Leica costs too much for the Red dot. But yet it has better optics. And we know the slight difference in optics can mean a lot of money in camera lenses. So how can you say it is the Red dot that you are paying for in this case. Granted, some people want every feature available and judge value based on that while others just want a still camera. These are EVIL cameras, btw, and you can hold the X1 up to your face with an accessory viewfinder which they should have include in the purchase price.

  6. I was all set to get an x100, but now the gf3 has come out think gonna go that way instead….

  7. Just wanted to say that the mouseover doesn’t work on an iPad.
    But thanks anyway :)

    • Bad to hear.. I’t simple javascript, but who knows what exactly iPad supports.
      Thank you for letting me know. Get back from a desktop:-)

    • Tim,
      I’ve just checked how mouseover works on my Android phone… It work pretty well! When I click on the image it work as mouse-over, changing it. Another click outside of the image and it will work as mouse-out, replacing the image with another one.
      Does it work the same way in iPad/iPhone? If not.. Sorry to say, but it looks like Steve Jobs does not have much respect to you guys.. Really. I know iPad does not have Flash, but I use very simple javascript, and I really hope it work in iPad and iPhone.

    • @Tim, the JS works fine on my iPad. I just read this post on it.

  8. Thank you for this review, I’m looking forward to part two.

    I think the fuji would be my choice over the Leica, simply for the viewfinder. A viewfinder should be a basic requirement – before one makes further comparisons when buying a new camera. The perfect rangefinder would have the fuji viewfinder, a full frame sensor, a selection of lenses, faster focus,fewer lag times and still be on the right side of £1000 – roll on 2021.

    However both Fuji and Leica should be commended for making these refreshing cameras.

  9. Thank you for this review, I’m looking forward to for part two.

    I think the fuji would be my choice over the Leica, simply for the view finder. A viewfinder should be a basic requirement – before one makes further comparisons when buying a new camera. The perfect rangefinder camera would have the fuji viewfinder, a full frame sensor, a selection of lenses, faster focus,fewer lag times and still be on the right side of £1000 – roll on 2021.

    However both Fuji and Leica should be commended for making these cameras.

  10. /so u r Russian :) Great!

    I think That leica Wins
    However leica does not have the View finder. It has the better lens.
    & the fuji has the view finder but does have not a good lens.

  11. Interesting article Alex. I really had high hopes for the Fuji X100 and was pleased to see another manufacturer other than Leica come out with a P&S camera with a rangefinder. Your review clearly points out the poor performance with shutter lag caused by slow AF speed. The main advantage of having a pocket sized camera is you can always have it with you and it allows you to CAPTURE THE MOMENT. Why have camera manufacturers lost sight of this fundamental purpose of their products. Image quality is important but if you miss the moment all you have is a technically high quality image to remind you of the shot you missed. My ideal P&S digital camera would only need a simple rangefinder, manual focus, manual exposure, standard format lens (ideally with wide max aperture) and instant shutter release. I think such a camera would sell by the shedload if it was reasonably priced. Thanks for another well executed and informative review.

  12. Thank you for this. The X1 vs. X100 is a drum that has been beaten a lot these past few months, but not without a reason. It’s great to have more than one opinnion on this. Adding an LX5 or so to the mix wouldn’t hurt, but that is a whole another story. Waiting for Part two!

  13. Good review; I was planning something similar but I don’t have the M9 to compare against yet. I really like the x100 so far, but I’m unhappy with the focus. Manual focus is not working at all (you need to turn that ring a million times) and autofocus is rather slow. On the other hand I can at the moment only compare against a D3s wich is very fast … Cute kids by the way :)

  14. Maybe this is meant to demonstrate that Leicas are overpriced for what you get? If so then that’s cool, but if that’s not the point then it would really be more interesting to see a comparison of the high end P&S cameras that are priced similarly, like the Panasonic DMC-LX3 instead of the Leica. Another good one to compare would be the Canon G series, which you mentioned in the post. All those cameras are in the $500 range and are ones that regular shooters may actually buy!

    • Chris,
      I did not mean anything, just run a test. You have to make a conclusion yourself:-) It is too early to make a decisions IMO, as you have seen only first half of the test.
      As for comparison of lower level cameras, such is not very interesting to me. Plus, usually there are full internet of G11 v.s Coolpix reviews already.
      But who knows, may be I’ll do few in a future:-)

  15. Interesting article Alex. I always carry a little P/S camera with me hiking and it would be nice to have something a little “higher end.” But, for $2000 or even $1300, I would demand interchangeable lenses, like this guy (http://tinyurl.com/4qnzw5g) or of course the king of overpriced cameras the Leica M9 digital, however since I’ve never actually used any of the above cameras, I probably shouldn’t complain. But if one only has $300 to spend, you make do … or “borrow” the D3x from work!

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