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Leica X1 vs Fuji X100:

Two hi-end point and shoot cameras compared.

Fuji X100 vs Leica X1

Leica X1 vs Fuji X100

Leica X1 vs Fuji X100 biased comparison by professional photographer


I’ve always been looking for something small like a point and shoot, but powerful and fast like DSLR to carry around with me. The first time I saw the Fuji x100, I already new that this would be a good candidate for the camera I was looking for. I have never been interested in Leica; I knew they produced good P&S cameras, but they’re asking too much for their little red logo 🙂 However, the Leica is the closest competitor to the Fuji and it be unwise not to include it in the test.

Below is what I have discovered:

Both cameras are quite similar: they have the same APS-size sensor, the same focal length lens, the same megapixel count. Now lets take a look at the things that are important for me to know, the specification differences between both cameras. Highlighted in red is what I consider to be better:


Fuji X100 vs Leica X1: specification difference

Leica X1

ISO Auto, 100, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200 


Macro focus range 30 cm (11.81″)
Normal focus range 60 cm (23.62″)
Number of focus points 11
Maximum shutter speed 1/2000
sec at any aperture

Maximum aperture F2.8
Continuous drive: 3 or 2 fps

Fuji X100

ISO Auto, 200, 400, 800, 1600, 3200, 6400 (expandable to 100-12800) + 3 stop ND filter
Macro focus range 10 cm (3.94″)
Normal focus range 80 cm (31.5″)
Number of focus points 49
Maximum shutter speed up to 1/4000 sec:
1/4000 at f/8, 1/1000 at f/2, plus 3 f-stops built-in ND filter
Maximum aperture F2.0
Video: 720P: 1280 x 720 (24 fps)
Continuous shooting: 5 or 3 fps

It looks like the Fuji has better looking specifications. However, a few things can be misleading: the Leica has a shutter speed 1/2000 across the entire aperture range, while the Fuji can be limited to 1/1000 when shooting with a wide open lens. I think this is why Fuji added a 3 f-stop Neutral Density (ND) filter to the camera, otherwise shooting at f2.0 in the bright sun might be very problematic.

Fuji has better macro performance compared to the Leica. Being that the Fuji has macro mode and Leica does not. 30 cm is not a macro distance for 35mm lens. However, adding a true macro mode to Fuji lens may compromise IQ. We’ll see that later in the comparison.


Part one. Real life performance and first impressions.

The first series of tests were performed to imitate the real use of these cameras, the same way you might use them. We’re shooting the surrounding landscapes, our kids playing, etc.


1. Body/design

This aspect is very subjective, but both my wife and I (her hands are half the size that mine are) liked Fuji better. A larger, heavier camera is easier to handle while shooting. Also, we both liked built-in image preview on the Fuji rangefinder (viewfinder) very much. It not a 100% “see-through” rangefinder you can attach to a Leica. It won’t help you to manually focus, unlike the real rangefinder.  But who cares? It works in sort of a dual mode: you’ll see the real stuff through the viewfinder and then as soon as you take your photo, you see the image preview of composed image right in the viewfinder! Pretty cool, isn’t it?

One more advantage of having this unique image preview viewfinder: it works much better under bright conditions. Whereas the Leica’s LCD isn’t able to show you much of the details in similar conditions.

The Fuji has a fixed length lens, the same that you would find on old 35 mm film camera. In opposite, the Leica has a retractable trunk which looks odd on a non-macro, non-zoom lens. Maybe there’s a reason for this? We’ll see later in the second part of this test. There I’ll show you how both cameras performed in studio.
Were there any lens imperfections that will become more visible? For now, the only one real drawback from the Leica lens design is that I was not able to turn camera on and play with menus or review the images without taking lens cap off. Not a big deal, but with opened long lens it’s too easy to stick glass into something. Fuji doesn’t have this problem, the camera fully functional with the lens cap closed. You can even take a picture of the nearest black hole :).

I also preferred the Fuji controls more than Leica. The aperture control is on the lens, shutter speed and Ev compensation dials around shutter release button. See it yourself:

Leica X1 vs Fuji X100

leica x1 and fuji x100 top view


2. Landscape/outdoor

Leica mounted on Manfrotto giant head (looks funny, isn’t it?):

Leica X1 vs Fuji X100

Leica x1 vs fuij x100 , tripod mounted Leica by Fuji

I used these settings on both cameras: Auto white balance, ISO was set to 100 for the Leica X1 and 200 for the Fuji X100, Center weighted metering mode on both cameras. The images were converted in ACR 6.4.1 using the default camera settings.

The composition:

Leica X1 vs Fuji X100

Fuji x100 vs leica x1 comparison test sample image by Leica

The image has both bright and dark areas. It was interesting to see how both cameras handled such broad dynamic range requirements

Below are 100% crops. Fuji X100 is what you see by default, mouse over to switch to Leica X1:


Leica X1 vs Fuji X100

Fuji x100 (mouseover to Lieca X1) 100% crop at F2.8

I can see no difference between them. Good shadow detail as-is on both cameras. Below is what I’ve got when tried to recover shadows and highlights: +50 Fill light and +85 recovery was applied.

This is Fuji. Mouseover to see Leica

Leica X1 vs Fuji X100

Highlights and shadows recovered leica vs fuji

Again, no real difference between them. Both are good at mild shadow recovery, both are bad at highlights. I did not include the crop form another area, as you can download RAW files (links at the end of the article), but the overexposed areas around porch chairs were not recovered.

Another area (as-is image) on the same composition at F8:

Fuji X100 @ F8.0, mouseover for Leica X1 @ F 8.0

Leica X1 vs Fuji X100

Fuji x100 and Leica X1 100% crop at f8

No difference, as expected.


3. Macro performance.

Both cameras have macro mode, but the Fuji has a real macro (10 cm minimum focusing distance) while Leica has minimum distance 30cm. So I’ve tested both lenses at 30cm distance in order to make the results comparable. The composition is below.
BTW, it was interesting to see the difference in bokeh between at F2.0 and F2.8 on this example below. You see a Fuji image at F2.8, mouseover to switch to Fuji F2.0:

Leica X1 vs Fuji X100

Now lets see a 100% crop of the same shot made by Leica and Fuji:

Fuji X100 F2.8, mouseover for Leica X1 @ F2.8

Leica X1 vs Fuji X100

Leica X1 F2.8 macro vs Fuji X100 100% crop

I see more details on Leica image, not much but slightly better. Colors are also better on Leica. It looks like Fuji  sacrificed some IQ to build a smaller lens (since it does not retract like the Leica) with the real macro capabilities. I have more evidence on how much Fuji sacrificed on the lens on the second part of this review (studio “synthetic” tests) which will be posted soon.

Back to our macro tests. Below is how the REAL macro looks like, by Fuji X100. Not bad for 35mm lens: 10 centimeters to the subject, full image @F4:

Leica X1 vs Fuji X100

Fuji X-100 sample macro image full magnification F4


4. Focus performance:  shutter lag and auto focus speed

To test how good the focus is, I was trying to shoot our 3 and 5 year old kids at play. Unfortunately, the delay between the time I’ve pressed a shutter release and picture was taken was too long for both the Fuji and Leica. Almost no in-focus images were made. Usually, the target moved out of focus by the time the camera decided to compose a shot. It was very disappointing to see the same shutter lag and slow focus that I’ve experienced with Canon G11 on such expensive P&S cameras. I was expecting more, considering price and wide angle non-zoom lenses.

I was really enjoying Fuji rangefinder (some people say this is not a real one, but I am fine calling it rangefinder:-). It was much easier to look into the small hole and have camera pressed to my nose to compose a shot, rather than have to hold it a foot out in front me. I also feel like Fuji was little bit faster (in both focusing and shutter lag). Can’t measure this though, lets call it subjective feeling.

Below are the best I was able to get (it terms of the sharpness during these “catching the moment” shots):


Leica X1

Leica X1 vs Fuji X100

Leica-X1 focus performance real-life test


Fuji X100

Leica X1 vs Fuji X100

Fuji X100 focus performance real-life sample image[/caption]

In most situations, the Leica X1 was able to produce a better skin tones at default settings. Both images above were made with  Auto WB, both were little bluish so I’ve changed WB to daylight on both in my RAW converter. The Leica’s colors look more natural to me.


5. Image Quality at higher ISO

The same situation I had with color can also be seen on high ISO images. Both pictures below were taken at Auto WB, ISO 800:

Leica X1

Leica X1 vs Fuji X100

Leica X1 auto wb at iso800


Fuji X100

Leica X1 vs Fuji X100

Fuji X100 auto wb at iso800

Leica has a better algorithm to calculate white balance. Obviously when shooting RAW any file can be easily adjusted in ARC. But how many owners of these cameras will shoot in RAW? BTW, at ISO 1600 image does not impress me at all in either cameras. It’s very similar to what I am getting from my DroidX2 phone.


6. Video capabilities

It is simple: Fuji has 720P video, Check the top video.

Looks pretty nice, vivid colors and good quality video. However, the camera was not able to adjust focus on the second child after she got close to the camera. The focus was off after I’ve moved back and stayed on the child farther from the camera. Software bug?

Here is the RAW files from both cameras, feel free to download and take a look yourself:

Fujifilm Finepix X100                   Leica X1 With Elmarit 24mm f/2.8 ASPH. Lens (Black)

In the second part (I need more time to put everything together) I’ll show you the results from more sophisticated and much more precise in-studio tests. In such conditions it was easy to see the difference in lens performance, as well as the sensor and A/D converters on both cameras. The test was similar (but not the same) as I had for Hasselblad H4D-50 and Leaf Aptus-II 12 recently.

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Continue to part two:

Leica X1 vs Fuji X100: the final round. In-studio performance


Please share if you like the article. Thank you!

P.S I was looking for a good review on the same subject, and found a good one at My Leica X1 and Fuji X100 Comparison photos, and my thoughts… Take a look, he has a good info over there! has a nice information about Fuji x100 as well.

Many thanks to Evan (@etantum) for fixing my broken English:-)

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